Sevastopol and Crimea travel guide

Crimean war, World War I, Russian Civil War, World War II.

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City of Russian glory. Linked with it almost all the important events in the history of Russia. Despite the fact that after the collapse of the USSR the city was ceded to Ukraine in Sevastopol dominates the Russian population, and almost all speak Russian. Historically, there are many military and former military. For a long time in the Soviet Union as the Sevastopol naval base was closed to both foreign tourists, even for Soviet citizens. Ukraine opened for all the tourists and this beautiful old city. Ukraine provides Sevastopol and the Crimea greater autonomy, including the Russian language as one of the two official languages. Preserved all the Russian cultural and historic monuments. Sevastopol, feels like a normal Russian city. And tourists in Crimea surprising prices that are lower at all, than in continental Russia. History, culture, nature – it’s all in the Crimea are gorgeous and beautiful.
Sevastopol – a city hero. From Sevastopol linked history of the Crimean War.

Crimean War fortress gun

Crimean War fortress gun

Sevastopol fell on the German cruiser Goeben in the First World War. There were battles between the Red Army of Comrade Trotsky and the Russian Army General Wrangel. Hence the Russian army was evacuated to Allied bases in Turkey, much like it was with the Army of Serbia.

WWI-WWII fortress guns

WWI-WWII fortress guns

World War II Sevastopol is also associated with many events. The defense and the capture of Sevastopol, significant events in the history of the Second World War and still has many secrets. How, for example, the Soviet NKVD during the time I blew retreat underground plant alive and destroy all of the wounded and sick. This is a crime against the Soviet regime, their fighters are still suppressed by Soviet propaganda. It’s a complicated story local Tatars. In 1920, the Red Army captured the Crimea Comrade Trotsky and KGB Comrade Dzerzhinsky polls destroy all who remained in the Crimea, breaking a promise of amnesty. The brutal murder of the Russian Army troops caused anger among the local population and the world community. Then the Red Army destroyed all religious leaders – priests, Orthodox, Muslims. Soviet authorities organized a local Tatars real genocide that led to the Tatars were willing to cooperate with anyone who will avenge the crimes of the Soviet government. Hitler took advantage of the situation and used the Tatars in their struggle for Stalin. Stalin, in turn, by occupation of the Crimea Tatars also repeated harassment and organized mass deportation and repression in response to the collaboration with Hitler.
It survived two large-caliber artillery battery and N30 N35. One of them suffered during the Second World War, the second still preserved in working order (“canned” the object in case of war). So this battery is a historical monument of the First World War, Second World War and even the Cold War.

Sapun-gora WW2 battlefiled near Sevastopol

Sapun-gora WW2 battlefiled near Sevastopol

In the area of Sevastopol “Sapun Mountain” in the area of 9 May every year a military-historical festival “living history” with historical art and military history clubs.
Sevastopol – it is also a beach resort. Visiting tourists have the opportunity to swim in the Black Sea and sunbathe on the beaches.
Famous Rats and Sevastopol and local wines. For a long time the Crimean wines were a “hard currency” of the Soviet state and the majority were exported abroad. Unlike many international wines, local wine is made by a natural technology and has an incredible taste. Allowed the export of no more than two bottles, but during his stay in Sevastopol tourists every day trying different varieties of Crimean wines and balsams.
Rest in Crimea is recommended for at least 5 days, and anyway the tourists do not want to leave and want to stay at least another 2-3 days.
It is very good cheap price (if you know where what and how, how much).
In the USSR the holiday in the Crimea was considered the best and most interesting. After the discovery of Sevastopol as an open city, Sevastopol really very attractive to foreign tourists as in nature, the sun and the sea, and on the culture, history, and all this at a reasonable low-cost prices.

Local military and navy museums

Local military and navy museums

Cold war era exhibits in local museum

Cold war era exhibits in local museum

Balaklava, nuclear submarine secret base

Cold War era, Soviet Union strategic Navy forces.

During the Cold War it was one of the most sensitive sites of the USSR. Nuclear submarine base, located into the mountains, was used for “retaliation.” When, after the enemy use of nuclear weapons on earth could be no object, submarines had to fight back a nuclear attack and destroy the enemy’s country.
Now here is one of the museums of the “cold war.” Beautiful place, not far from Sevastopol.
As a guide we provide to our friends who are serving in the Soviet times, who can tell you about this remarkable professional facility.
There is also a cafe where you can eat, try the local cuisine, drink local wine and admire the whole district, and in a friendly atmosphere to chat with the veterans of the USSR Navy.

Yalta, Livadia, Crimea

Russian Tsar summer residence. Russian Imperial Army, Russian Civil War.

This is a special area of the Crimea. Is only 2-3 hours drive from Sevastopol has a special warm climate (where you can swim sometimes even in winter) and a history.
Yalta and Livadia – a traditional holiday destination officers of the Russian Imperial Army. Yalta and Livadia Palace – is the summer residence of Tsar Nicholas II and his family.
Preserved old buildings and palaces. The unique climate and plant collection (Botanical Garden.) These places are just fabulous for their beauty at different times of the year.
Personally, I like the October when the tops of the mountains are covered with frost, and at the foot warm sun and autumn colored leaves.
In Soviet times, I served as a lieutenant in the other part of the Crimea, in Yalta, the large object space forces (now – a museum space forces). Despite the long road – 2 hours by train + 1.5 hours on the bus, I was very fond off duty to visit these places in the fall.
From Yalta in November 1920 evacuated part of the Russian army, cavalry, and other kinds of troops.
Now in Yalta are gorgeous hotel, and on the waterfront has a tasting room with wine. There is a very interesting tour of the winery, where they show all the production of local wines for tasting and provide the best selection of local wines. Any officer of the Soviet Army dreamed of visiting such a place, such is the history and tradition.
We encourage our colleagues to visit and stay in Yalta for 2-3 days to see all the sights, learn the history and culture, and a little rest. Many come here with families, children, wives.
Our guides, experts, will surprise you not only knowledge of the history, but also the knowledge of English. (For details see our capabilities, our services, simultaneous translations, technical translations and special)
In our own archives there are unique pictures of these places, including those made at the time of departure of the Russian army in Turkey (continued Istanbul, Gallipoli)

Crimea. Kakhovka. Perekop

Russian Civil War. British / French tank battlefields in Russia.

Crimea and Northern Tavria associated with many historical events such as the history of Russia, and global importance. In this section we will be posting information about events 1919-1920 year, as Russian citizens are aware of these places more on films and songs of the Civil War. Actually here and there were events that in 1920, for decades determined the fate of Russia. Most Soviet films about the Civil War show these places. The first tank breakthrough Russian army in 1920, at Kakhovka. Dozens of British tanks MK V, Mark A French Renault FT-17 destroyed Soviet artillery, which had already learned to destroy British tanks with bulletproof armor.
The experience of this tank and artillery battles long studied at the Military Academy of the USSR and abroad.
Next to Kakhovka is “Turkish Wal” – fortified area where there were heavy fighting in November 1920. Russia, like China, could be divided into two countries – Russia (Red, Soviet) and Russia (white, Democratic). Crimean peninsula was to be analogous to the Chinese of Taiwan.
Here, in the Crimea, many British, American and French officers were Russian award for a joint struggle against the Bolsheviks.
The Russian Army of the Crimea evacuated on Russian and foreign ships to Allied bases in Turkey.
Each year the association of descendants of those who fought here, visit these places.
In France, for example, lives a man who was here at the age of 5 years and saw it all. His father served as a captain in the Drozdovskaya Division, which defended Perekop. His father was taken in 1920, people from the check (Soviet special services) and shot.
For anyone interested in the history of the Civil War in Russia should be at least 1 time to visit Kakhovka and Perekop.